Rajasthan is the Land of Royalty. The state of Rajasthan is located in North Western India. It is famous for its heritage forts and palaces which were built by the great Rajputs.The hot Thar desert, burning sand, large dunes, scarce water and vegetation is the significance of the Rajasthan. It is basically famous for its festivals. It is a colorful region exhibiting the grandeur and royalty in every wall of life. This land is colourful, attractive, vibrant and beautiful. It is culturally rich and has extensive tradition in art and culture, which reflects Indian way life. Here wildlife is so rich in variety, including from the tiger and leopard to endless varieties of deers, rhesus monkeys, reptiles including the python and a profusion of bird-life that includes water- birds. miniature paintings, wall paintings, cloth paintings and tie and dye styles of dresses, jewellery Desinging, stone carving are famous thoughout the nation. It’s capital city is Jaipur.
Rajasthan, known as “the land of kings”, is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. It comprises most of the area of the large, inhospitable Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, which parallels the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with Pakistan to the west. Rajasthan is also bordered by Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north. Rajasthan covers 10.4% of India, an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi).
Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the state. Geographical features include the Thar Desert along north-western Rajasthan and the termination of the Ghaggar River near the archaeological ruins at Kalibanga of the Indus Valley Civilization, which are the oldest in the Indian subcontinent discovered so far.
One of the world’s oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu, famous for Dilwara Temples, a sacred pilgrimage for Jains. Eastern Rajasthan has the world famous Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. It also has two national tiger reserves, Ranthambore and Sariska Tiger Reserve. Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when the region known until then as Rajputana, consisting of erstwhile princely states ruled by Meenas, Rajputs, Jats, Gurjars, and Muslims, merged into the Dominion of India.